Since the 2008 financial crisis, the UK authorities have been absolutely toothless when it comes to prosecuting bankers who’ve broken the law.

But is this just incompetence? Or is our regulatory system designed in a way that means that victims fall through the gaps, while banks are permitted to operate above the law.

Joining us on the episode this week is former Met Detective who fell victim to the Royal Bank of Scotland’s long-running scheme to defraud its small-business customers, Andy Keats, and researcher & campaigner, Joel Benjamin.

You don’t have to travel too far from Britain to find a government and regulator that took decisive action when fraudulent bankers were caught manipulating markets or fleecing their own clients.

Iceland stands alone when it comes to jailing its crooked bankers. Around 30 people were jailed over the 2008 crash, at least five of them senior bankers.

Iceland has a population of about 350,000. In the UK we have over a million people working in financial services. Only around seven people were jailed over that period. None of them senior bankers.

Former chief executive of RBS Group, Fred Goodwin almost had to explain himself to the high-court for misleading shareholders. Almost. They settled.

“When you look at the collapse of RBS, the collapse of HBOS, Northern Rock, to what extent were senior managers culpable – Fred Goodwin, Ross McEwen etc – in these events?,” researcher & campaigner, Joel Benjamin told Renegade Inc.

“It seems we as a nation completely lack the political will to tackle white collar crime. In the city of London, our regulators, our police forces, seem completely not up to the task when it comes to tackling these events.”

In a moment of peak professionalism, Ross McEwan, Chief Executive of RBS since 2013, said he was tired of small businesses “badmouthing” the bank and claimed it “had done nothing wrong in the vast majority of businesses we handled”.

It is only now that victims of bank fraud and other white-collar crimes are working together with former Met Detective, Andy Keats – a victim of fraud himself – digging through the entrails of particular cases, doing the work which the police force itself should be doing, that we seem to be getting somewhere in terms of understanding what has happened and how the system is failing people.

After retiring from the police force, Andy Keats launched a company that developed identification systems for cats and dogs. It was a “high net-profit” business that had a turnover of around £1 million a year.

Keats made a complaint against a credit team manager at the Royal Bank of Scotland’s payment processing company, ‘Worldpay’, and was later told by a senior manager at NatWest that his account was put on the ‘to-get list’.

“We were put on the board as terminal, that we were going to be terminated,” he told Renegade Inc.

RBS bankrupted former Met Detective, Andy Keats, for making a complaint about the conduct of a credit team manager at its payment processing company, ‘Worldpay’.

Four years after his company stopped trading, the former detective discovered that the manager against whom the complaint had been made, along with a ‘sidekick’, had been making false claims about the status of the company and the risk it posed to the bank.

“We told them that we were moving to Barclays because it had granted us a loan to expand our business,” said Keats.

“We were not illiquid, but we did get terminated.”

Twelve days before receiving RBS’ notice of termination, Keats received an offer for £2.5 million from Graham Dacre CBE, after four months of due diligence, to buy the business and keep he and his co-founders on as directors, along with his staff, and grow the business together.

Shortly after, RBS changed its terms of business, requiring that all sales made through credit and debit card revenue go through RBS’ Worldpay system, meaning that it could take up to three days for the money to come through.

“They wrote to us and said ‘well, for the next four days you can trade that way, but after four days we’ll be keeping your money for at least 10 years’,” says Keats, who says RBS provided no explanation for changing its terms of service.

“They wouldn’t give us a reason,” he said. “We had a contract that said three days, they breached that.

“From that point on, we had 30 of our staff on the phones, making sales. All the money went into the system and never came back out again.”

Six weeks later, Keats had to give immediate notice to 30 of his staff that they were being made redundant.

“It was the worst moment my life,” he said. “It was horrible. It makes me want to cry now, and I’m not far off it. We had a successful business.

“The staff laughed at me. They thought I called a meeting to give them all a bonus for Christmas. It was only when I started crying, so did they.

“They came, and they hugged me, and we went down the pub. That was the last of my business.”

The day prior, Keats had received an email from RBS via its solicitors at DLA Piper, agreeing that provided he agreed to stop trading the very next day, it would release the money that would have allowed him to pay his staff their wages, but only on the condition that he took no action against the bank.

“We now understand that hundreds – if not thousands – of companies went through the very same things as we did,” he said.

“It was strange because as a former police officer I’m thinking, ‘this crime’ and you’re told by your own solicitors, ‘no, this isn’t crime. This is how it goes. It’s civil.’ But then you think, no. This is blackmail. This is a crime. This is fraud. This is forgery.”

In 2013, Keats met Lawrence Tomlinson, an entrepreneur and former adviser to Liberal Democrat MP, Vince Cable and the Business Department. Tomlinson had written a report about RBS.

The two began comparing notes on RBS and the way it had been treating its Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) customers. Together the pair discovered that the bank’s behaviour was not civil. It was criminal.

Lawrence Tomlinson compiled a report on RBS in 2013 revealing it had systematically defrauded thousands of SME customers to claw-back the billions it lost to bad derivatives trades during the 2008 financial crisis.

“It amounts to things like false transcripts of telephone conversations, of customer files, records of meetings that didn’t take place, telephone calls that didn’t take place,” said Keats. “You’ve even got a stamp that they used to make sure that something is confidential so that if they give it to the Financial Ombudsman, for example, it says ‘don’t give this to the customer’. The reason you don’t give it to the customer is because the document is not identical to the customer’s originals. The customer has a completely different document to the one the bank produces.

“It’s fraud. It’s forgery.”

Researcher and campaigner, Joel Benjamin, told Renegade Inc that part of the problem is that the primary regulator, the Financial Conduct Authority, is not empowered to investigate individual cases.

Take RBS’ Global Restructuring Group (GRG) for example. Though RBS set up the subsidiary to systematically bankrupt thousands of SME customers, earning it £89,000 per minute, each of those frauds is considered an individual case, rather than a pattern of a larger fraud, and therefore the FCA is unable to investigate.

Researcher and campaigner Joel Benjamin says the FCA was presented with evidence that RBS had trained staff to forge signatures but has failed to take any action.

“The regulators sat on the GRG scandal for the best part of a decade without taking any action until they were forced to by Parliament,” says Benjamin.

“The regulator claims it is independent. The question we have as researchers, campaigners and victims is: how does the regulator deal with these individual cases? And how many victims need exist before the FCA is forced to act? One thousand? Two thousand? Three thousand?

“In the case of GRG, there are anywhere between 16,000 and 70,000 victims.

“What is the volume at which the regulator should be forced to act?

“The RBS refuses to answer that question.”

Even with a significant level of media interest and increasing numbers of victims coming forward, often that is even not enough to force action.

In the case of GRG it took a report by Lawrence Tomlinson published in 2013 on RBS for the media and Parliament to take notice. It forced the FCA to set up a relatively one-sided report conducted by law firm Clifford Chance.

“And here we are in 2017, four years later, we still haven’t seen the regulators report,” says Benjamin.

“The regulator has been sending victims to the police. And what are the police doing? They seem to have walked back from taking definitive enforcement action when it comes to financial fraud.”

Nicholas Wilson, a campaigner against HSBC in its illegal charging of customers’ store card accounts, complained to the City of London police several years ago and received a letter in response, explaining that part of the reason it hadn’t taken any enforcement action in his case was that its prospects of success were relatively low. It produced a diagram that effectively said enforcement and police action on the part of the City Police is no longer “the only or preferred option”.

Nicholas Wilson tried to expose one of the largest banking frauds in the UK’s history, but London police told him that prosecuting white-collar crime was no longer its problem.

Theresa May introduced new policy in 2014 to set up the College of Policing which effectively walked-back London police from taking any an active role in fraud prosecution.

“They were moving into what they called ‘a partnership approach’, which meant working with the FCA and other agencies like the Serious Fraud Office and the National Crime Agency, but taking a less active role themselves in policing the space,” says Benjamin. “You tend to get a gap between the various regulators, where victims like Andy Keats disappear into, seemingly to never emerge with justice.

“We are told that the crimes committed by RBS GRG is outside their regulatory perimeter.

“There are rules, but the bank has committed a crime outside of the area to which the rules apply.”

Keats says his investigation into RBS has led to an awful-lot of finger-pointing.

“The FCA points at the police and the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), and the police point at the ICO and the FCA. You never get anywhere. It’s a circle, a complete circle that nobody seems to have any appetite to break whatsoever.”

The arbitrary limits that the FCA has placed on the investigation into GRG means that victims like Nigel Henderson who has been fighting for justice for 20 years are excluded from the inquiry.

Nigel Henderson said RBS forced his hotel business into bankruptcy by refusing to let him pay off a mortgage on a hotel he owned with the £800,000 proceeds from a previous sale.

“There is a lot of evidence out there that this fraudulent practice within RBS has been going on for at least a decade prior,” says Benjamin.

“Nigel Henderson isn’t part of the review of RBS GRG and its predecessor, Special Lending Services. They have put these arbitrary limits around the whole investigation, trying to contain it, and to minimise the number of victims.

“For this reason, when you ask the FCA how many victims have come to you from RBS GRG and its predecessor, they will never give you a number, they refuse to make that information public.

“We have been through a couple of rebrands of the FCA now, through three or four Parliaments over that period and nobody has taken action.”

Andy Keats, the former detective and victim of RBS fraud himself says the FCA refuses to acknowledge forged documents as fraud, or even a regulatory breach.

“As an example, if you said that as a regulation you must get customers to sign their loan forms, if you don’t sign it or you don’t get somebody to sign it, the FCA will say, ‘well, that’s a breach of regulations, you can’t do that’, and they’ll be all over them like a ton of bricks,” Keats told Renegade Inc.

“But if the bank says ‘you haven’t got a signature here, never mind, we’ll make one up and forge one’, the FCA will then say, ‘that’s nothing do with us, carry on.’ Because that’s not a fraud.”

Keats told Renegade Inc. that RBS has used fraud to mimic or counterfeit signatures on documents which have been used in court to take businesses down.

“Most certainly it was the case between 2008-2012,” he said. “Nobody believed it then, but now there’s a growing collective of people that are beginning to come around. There are more MPs in the House that are interested in what’s going on.

“They’ve heard the same complaint too many times for it not to be true.

“And we’re in the days now where you can tell the excuses coming from RBS are ridiculous.”

Keats describes RBS as a bank in denial.

“It claims that, ‘well, we might not have treated our customers quite correctly, but you know, we’re okay now’,” he says. “Or, ‘it was a problem with Microsoft Word. It’s Microsoft’s fault, not ours'”.

Keats says he is in possession of a letter from RBS, with Virgin One’s logo on the header, to do with his mortgage. It was related to a NatWest account he purchased from Virgin in 2002.

“So in 2003, all paperwork related to Virgin should have gone,” he said. “But in 2015-16 it arises again when they are trying to defend what they’ve done with with my files by saying that inadvertent capitalisation has occurred when they extracted information from emails of mine and put it into my customer records. It got rid of the first part of the sentence, capitalised the next word, and use the remaining part of the sentence as the sentence, and now they’re blaming Microsoft Office?

“When these things are put into different files, things go missing.

“I have gone through files painstakingly to make sure that they’re absolutely accurate and what I’m saying is correct.”

In 2009, John Hourican, a senior RBS banker gave a speech to bank staff, referencing the existence of 1000 data cleaners, working somewhere in a back-office who are going through documents and making falsifications.

Former senior RBS banker John Hourican was caught on tape admitting to the existence of RBS ‘data cleaners’ allegedly employed to falsify documents.

Below is an audio transcript from that meeting obtained by Renegade Inc:

“One thousand of the 10,000 people in the back office do data clean-up and reconciliation,” Hourican is heard saying. “You do not want that on your gravestone – ‘I was a data cleaner’ – it must be one of the most soul destroying things to do for your life. We have to rescue our people from that shit.”

Benjamin says that the question is: what were these individuals doing? And to what extent – as we have documented here – were these document entered into court? Used to bankrupt companies, individuals and partnerships to effectively ruin people’s lives.

Watch the full episode above to find out how to bring RBS and other white-collar criminals to justice.

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Renegade Inc. is a new mainstream media platform which creates and broadcasts content aimed at those who think differently.Its mission is to inform, illuminate and inspire, focusing initially on three sectors: entrepreneurship, self-learning and the arts.
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3 thoughts on “White Collar Crime – Mind the Gap

  1. Question of the 21st Century: Who will be in charge of issuing currency? Sovereign nations or private banks?

    The globalists (banks and corporations) seized control of government, privatized money creation 40 years ago, almost exclusively (97% monetary policy (private banks) to 3% fiscal (gov’t) policy, proving that the private sector was even worse at distribution management than government.

    The answer is definitely NOT giving remote banking authorities even more power, that a one world currency would ensure. Surprisingly, the guru of neoliberalism, Fredrich Hayek, was even against the formation of a one world currency:

    “Though I strongly sympathize with the desire to complete the economic unification of Western Europe by completely freeing the flow of money between them, I have grave doubts about the desirability of doing so by creating a new European currency managed by any sort of supranational authority. Quite apart from the extreme unlikelihood that the member countries would agree on the policy to be pursued in practice by a common monetary authority (and the practical inevitability of some countries getting a worse currency than they have now), it seems highly unlikely, even in the most favorable circumstances, that it would be administered better than the present national currencies.

    Moreover, in many respects a single international currency is not better but worse than a national currency if it is not better run. It would leave a country with a financially more-sophisticated public not even the chance of escaping from the consequences of the crude prejudices governing the decisions of the others. The advantage of an international authority should be mainly to protect a member state from the harmful measures of others, not to force it to join in their follies.”

    The only answer is to restore power to sovereign nations to issue their own currency for public purpose. The EU debacle has proven this. Brussels does not listen to the needs of each individual EU country and does what it wants.

    “If our present banking system, in addition to fraudulent and corrupt, also seems “screwy” to you, it should. Why should money, a public utility (serving the public as medium of exchange, store of value, and unit of account), be largely the byproduct of private lending and borrowing? Is that really an improvement over being a by-product of private gold mining, as it was under the gold standard?

    The best way to sabotage a system is hobble it by tying together two of its separate parts, creating an unnecessary and obstructive connection. Why should the public pay interest to the private banking sector to provide a medium of exchange that the government can provide at little or no cost? And why should seigniorage (profit to the issuer of fiat money) go largely to the private sector rather than entirely to the government (the commonwealth)?”

  2. The banksters are the law, they work together with the government.
    Rothschild runs the show he runs the Bis, on both sides in any war.
    These people have to wake up, the justice he should know is on the the bank side.
    Myself I will be up watching a video tonight or the early morning with Edward Griffin on the red pill, on agenda 21.
    There is got to be a way of waking up the public to these gangsters before its too late.

  3. The crooks and the cunning… if only people knew the truth… it all started in 1997 with David Bowie and Tony Blair. Bowie’s mate in New York, David Pullman, invented the Structured Investment Instrument (SIV) or Collateralised Debt Obligation (CDO) by putting Bowies’ back catalogue into a shoe-box (i.e. the SIV/CDO). This ‘box’ then got all the revenue from Bowies’ royalties. Pullman then sliced the box into layers (in French ‘tranches’) where each layer got a different ‘yield’ percentage of what was coming into the box – then the tranches got sold as yielding investments, where the upper tranches got the first call on the income, and the lower, higher risk ‘bonds’ got the latter calls on the income. The markets loved it so much that Prudential bought all the bonds issued (life insurance companies like to know they have an income stream for years to come). Bowie got a lump of cash (which he needed to settle his dispute with EMI records. All the Young Dudes in America (Wall St Bankers) then started to think of what else they could make ‘shoe-boxes’ out of… and ‘mortgages’ fitted the bill perfectly…. hence the birth of subprime….

    Enter Tony Blair and his ‘expert’ economist side-kick Ed Balls… they deregulated the financial markets in the UK in 1997, lighting the touch paper for US style subprime mortgages and loans, but with an extra twist. The bankers couldn’t fill the shoe boxes up quick enough, and before you knew it every type of mortgage, loan, debt etc., was being ‘packaged’ and sold into a financial instrument (i.e. a SIV or CDO or Residential backed Mortgage Security Bond RMBS)…… the money everybody ‘owed’ no longer was ‘owed’ it to the bank that had created loan… without telling the customer, the banks ‘sold’ every loan they created into a SIV or CDO… there were £billions in SIVs across the globe.

    Then, when these instruments began to unravel in 2007 in the US and in 2008 in the UK (starting with the Northern Rock), the shit really hit the preverbal fan, so to speak. So the banks ‘invented’ new businesses to profit, that they called ‘restructuring divisions’ (GRG for example – but there are dozens of entities hidden behind corporate veils out there, almost at EVERY bank….). The reason was that EVERY structured SIV/CDO is bound by FCA rules to hold 3% 7% of its value in liquid cash – but this is only to be used in the event of a ‘default’ i.e. reserve cash to pay for LPA receivership (in the case of mortgage instruments) or for similar ‘services’ in any other debt scenario…. the banks simply put their larger customers into ‘special measures’, and hey -presto, they could ‘tap’ literally £millions in cash to save their own skins….. and that’s pretty much what they did folks, and the World turned a blind eye when ordinary, honest folks lost everything while the ‘crooks and the cunning’ made even more £billions …. welcome to the brave new world.

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